OLGA TAUSSKY-TODD was born on August 30, 1906 in Olmutz (now Olomouc), which was then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and is now in the Czech Republic. She received her doctorate from the University of Vienna after studying with the number theorist Philip Furtwangler. She then held instructorships at the University of Vienna and the University of Gottingen, where she assisted in the editing of Hilbert's Collected Works. During 1934-1937, she studied on fellowship at Girton College, Cambridge University, where she received an MA. She went to Bryn Mawr College in l934-l935, while Emmy Noether was there. In 1937, Taussky-Todd worked at the University of London; where she met and married the mathematical analyst John Todd. At the beginning of the Second World War, they moved to Belfast, where she lectured at Queen's University and began to focus on the two areas of matrix theory--generalizations of matrix commutativity and integral matrices--that were to occupy much of her career. She spent the latter part of the war in London, working on numerical applied mathematics. After the war, she did mathematical research for the National Bureau of Standards. In 1957, she started at the California Institute of Technology, where she currently holds the position of professor emeritus. She also spent a semester at the Courant Institute and a semester as a Fulbright Professor at the University of Vienna. Taussky-Todd has received many honors, including the Ford Prize for an article on sums
of squares, published in 1970 in the Taussky-Todd has written over 200 research papers and works in the areas of algebraic
number theory, integral matrices, and matrices in algebra and analysis. Her Noether
Lecture was published in expanded form as "The many aspects of Pythagorean
triangles," ( While growing up, Taussky-Todd was especially interested in grammar and essay writing,
and she also wrote music and poetry. In high school, her interest turned to science,
especially astronomy, and finally to mathematics. In an essay in the book Copyright ©2005 Association for Women in Mathematics. All rights reserved. |